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Whole-Body Dentistry References

By Mark A. Breiner, DDS

Summary: Whole-Body Dentistry represents a shift away from the traditional “mouth-only” orientation of dentistry, focused on oral hygiene, fillings, and extractions. This revolutionary view of dentistry recognizes that issues in the mouth can trigger seemingly unrelated physical illnesses. Understanding the concepts in this comprehensive guide and reference will help patients make better and more informed dental-treatment choices in order to achieve a higher level of health.

  • Provides clear, concise, vital information for the consumer
  • Addresses the impact of traditional dental practices on total health
  • Explains new diagnostic tools and treatment protocols


Chapter 2: A Paradigm Shift

  1. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Web site:
  2. Eisenberg, DM. et al., Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990-1997: results of a follow-up national survey. JAMA. 1998;280:1569-75.
  3. National Center for Complementary Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Web site
  4. Paraphrased from Brugeman H, Ed. Bioresonance and Multi-resonance Therapy, Vol 1. Brussels, Belgium: Haug Publishers, English Edition, 1993.
  5. Gerber R. Vibrational Medicine: New Choices for Healing Ourselves. New Mexico: Bear & Company; 1996.

Chapter 4: Your Mouth

  1. Steinman R. The movement of acriflavine hydrochloride through molars of rats on a cariogenic and non-cariogenic diet. Journal Southern California Dental Association. 1967 April; 35:4.
  2. Steinman R. The physioloficla basis for caries susceptibility and resistance. J southern California state Dental Association. 1961 July; 29:7.

Chapter 5: A Whole-Body Dentist’s Initial Exam

  1. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH Publication No: 08-6423. (2008)
  2. Herrero R, et al., Human papilloma virus and oral cancer. Natl Cancer Institute. 2003 Dec 3; 95(23):1772-83.
  3. Latin ES, et al., Electro galvanic phenomena of the oral cavity caused by dissimilar metallic restoration. JADA. 1936 Sept;23.

Chapter 6: Poison in Your Mouth

  1. Walker M. Elements of Danger. Virginia: Hampton Roads Pub; 2000:82.
  2. Environmental Health Criteria 101 Methyl mercury. World Health Organization. Geneva 1990;11.
  3. (website accessed 2011)
  4. Vimy MJ and Lorscheider FL. Serial measurements of intra-oral air mercury: estimation of daily dose for dental amalgam. J Dent Res. 1985b;64:1072-1075.
  5. Hahn LJ, Kloiber R, Vimy MJ, et al., Dental ‘silver’ tooth fillings. A source of mercury exposure revealed by whole-body image scan and tissue analysis. FASEB J. 1989;3:2641-2644.
  6. Ibid.
  7. (website accessed 2011)
  8. (website accessed 2011)
  9. McGuire T. The Poison in Your Teeth. California: The Dental Wellness Institute Pub; 2008:21.
  10. Eggleston DW and Nylander M. Correlation of dental amalgam with mercury in brain tissue. J Prost Dent. 1987 Dec; 58(6):704-707.
  11. Danscher G, et al., Traces of mercury in organs from primate with amalgam fillings. Experimental and Molecular Pathology. 1990;52:291-299.
  12. Boyd ND, et al., Mercury from dental ‘silver’ tooth fillings impairs sheep kidney function. Am J Physiology. 1991;261:1010-1014

Chapter 7: Mercury—Affecting Your Whole Body and Your Health

  1. Summers A, et al., Mercury released from dental “silver” fillings provokes an increase in mercury and antibiotic resistant bacteria in oral and intestinal flora of primates. Am Society of Microbiology. 1993 April;37(4):825-834.
  2. Echeverria D, Vasken Aposhian H, et al., Neurobehavioral effects from exposure to dental amalgam Hg°: new distinctions between recent exposure and Hg body burden. FASEB Journal. 1998;12:971-980.
  3. The Northeast Waste Management Officials’ Association (NEWMOA),

Chapter 9: Mercury and Fertility

  1. US Environmental Protection Agency,
  2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
  3. Ziff M, Ziff S. Infertility and Birth Defects. Florida: BioProbe; 1987.
  4. Choy C, et al., Infertility, blood mercury concentrations and dietary seafood consumption. BJOG. 2002;109(10):1121-5.

Chapter 10: How Mercury Affects Children

  1. Grandjean P, et al., Maternal seafood diet, methylmercury exposure, and neonatal neuralgic function. J Pediatr. 2000 May; 136(5):599-605.
  2. Drash G, et al., Mercury burden of human fetal and infant tissues. Eur J Pediatr. 1994;153:607-310.
  3. DeRouen TA, et al., Neurobehavioral effects of dental amalgam in children: a randomized clinical trial JAMA. 2006;295:1784-92
  4. Bellinger DC, et al., Neuropsychological and renal effects of dental amalgam in children: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2006 Apr; 295:1775-83.
  5. Geier DA, et al., A prospective study of prenatal mercury exposure from maternal dental amalgams and autism severity. ACTA Neurobiol Exp. 2009 Oct; 69:189-197.

Chapter 11: Mercury and Your Heart

  1. Langsjoen H, et al., Usefulness of coenzyme Q10 in clinical cardiology; a long term study. Mol Aspects Med. 1994; 15(suppl):s 165-75.
  2. Klaus K, et al., Chronic heart failure and micronutrients. JAM Col Cardiol. 2001;37:1765-1774.
  3. Valtonen V, et al., Thrombo-embolic complications in bacteraemic infections. Eur Heart J. 1995 Dec; 14(supp K): 20-23.
  4. Sunde PT, et al., Assessment of periradicular microbiotica by DNA-DNA hybridization. Endod Dent Traumatol. 2000 Oct; 16:191-196.
  5. Aposhian HV, et al., Urinary mercury after administration of 2, 3 dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonic acid: correlation with dental amalgam score. FASEBJ. 1992;6:2472-76.
  6. Placidi G, et al., Distribution of inhaled mercury (203 Hg) in various organs, Int J Tiss Reac. 1983;5:193-200.
  7. Matsuo N, et al., Mercury concentrations in organs of contemporary Japanese. Arch Environ Health. 1998; 44(5):298-303.
  8. Cutright DE, et al., Systemic mercury levels caused by inhaling mists during high speed amalgam grinding. J Oral Med. 1973;28(4):100-4.
  9. Khayat A, et al., Organ and cellular distribution of inhaled metallic mercury in the rat and marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus): influence of ethyl alcohol pretreatment. ACTA Pharmacol Toxicol. 1994 Aug; 55(2):145-52.
  10. Hahn LJ, Kloiber R, Vimy M and Loscheider F. Dental ‘silver’ fillings: a source of mercury exposure revealed by whole-body image scan and tissue analysis. FASEB J. 1989 Dec; 3:2641-2646.
  11. Vimy MJ, Takahash Y and Lorscheier FL. Maternal-fetal distribution of mercury (203 Hg) released from dental amalgam fillings. Am J of Physiology. 1990 April; 258:R939-45.
  12. Ziff M and Ziff S. Oral Health and Heart Disease. Florida: BioProbe; 2002:32-33.
  13. Siblerud RI. The relationship between mercury from dental amalgam and the cardiovascular system. Sci Total Environ. 1990;99(1-2):25-35.
  14. Trakhtenber IM. Chronic Effects of Mercury on Organisms. Washington D.C., U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, (NIH), Supt. Of Docs; 1974.
  15. Frustaci A, et al., Marked elevation of myocardial trace elements in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy compared with secondary cardiac dysfunction. J. Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 May; 33(6):1578-83.

Chapter 12: Mercury and Alzheimer’s Disease

  1. National Institute on Aging,
  2. Warren T. Beating Alzheimer’s. New York: Avery Publishing; 1991.
  3. Leong C, et al., Retrograde degeneration of neurite membrane structural integrity of nerve growth cones following in vitro exposure to mercury. Neuroreport. 2001 March;12(4):733-737.
  4. Pendergrass JC, Haley BE, et al., Mercury vapor inhalation inhibits binding of GTP to tubulin in rat brain: Similarity to a molecular lesion in Alzheimer’s disease brain. Neurotoxicology. 1997;18(2):315-324.

Chapter 14: Electrical Problems

  1. Latin ES, et al., Elector galvanic phenomena of the oral cavity caused by dissimilar metallic restoration. JADA. 1936 Sept; 23.

Chapter 15: Mercury Amalgam Removal

  1. Barnes BO, Galton L. Hypothyroidism: The Unsuspected Illness. New York: Harper Collins; 1976.
  2. Nylander M. Letter: Mercury in pituitary glands of dentists. Lancet. Feb 8, 1986.

Chapter 16: Detoxification After Mercury Amalgam Removal

  1. Cecchini MA, Root D, et al., Chemical exposures at the World Trade Center:Use of the Hubbard Sauna Detoxification Regimen to improve the health status of New York City rescue workers exposed to toxicants. Townsend Letter. April 2006.
  2. Ellithorpe R, et al., Comparison of the absorption, brain and prostate distribution, and elimination of CaNa2, EDTA of rectal chelation suppositories to intravenous administration. J. Am. Nutraceutical Assoc. 2007;10(2):38-44.
  3. Ellithorpe R, et al., Interim report of clinical observations of the effects with Detoxamin and supportive combination therapy on prostate conditions. Mar 2007,

Chapter 17: What You Need To Know About Periodontal Disease

  1. Fischer MH. Death and Dentistry. Illinois: Charles C Thomas; 1940.
  2. Wu T, et al., Periodontal disease and risk of cerebrovascular disease: The first national health and nutrition examination survey and its follow-up study. Arch of Internal Medicine. 2000;18:2749-2755.
  3. Grau AJ, et al., Association between acute cerebrovascular ischemia and chronic and recurrent infection. Stroke. 1997;28:1724-1729.
  4. Grossi SG, et al., Periodontal disease and diabetes mellitius; a two-way relationship. Annuals of Periodontology. 1998;3:51-61.
  5. Genco RJ. Risk Factors for Periodontal Diseases. Hamilton, Ontario: B.C. Decker Publishing; 1999.
  6. Slade GD, et al., Relationship between periodontal disease and C-Reactive Protein among adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163:1172-1179.
  7. Brown DL. MIDAS: Effects on inflammatory markers with low dose doxycycline versus placebo. American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions. 2002, (website accessed 2009)
  8. Davenport ES, et al., The East London study of maternal chronic periodontal disease and pre-term low birth weight infants: study design and prevalence data. Annals of Periodontology. 1998;3(1):213-21.
  9. Scannapieco FA, et al., Relationships between periodontal disease and bacterial pneumonia. J Perio. 1996 Oct; 67(10 suppl):1114-22.

Chapter 18: Root Canals

  1. Dr. Price was a dentist and one of the foremost researchers of his time. Director of the Research Institute of the National Dental Association, Dr. Price published the 700-page book Dental Infections, Oral and Systemic, and the 400-page work Dental Infections and the Degenerative Diseases. Both dealt with the effects of root-canaled teeth on systemic health. Dr. Price is truly one of the “giants” of medicine and dentistry.

Chapter 20: Inflammation

  1. Loes M, Steinman D. The Aspirin Alternative. California: Freedom press; 2001:19.
  2. Ibid., p. 62
  3. Maurer H. Bromelain: biochemistry, pharmacology and medical use. Cellular and Molecular Life sciences. 2001 Aug; 58:1234-45.
  4. Leipner J, Saller R. Systemic enzyme therapy in oncology: effect and mode of action. Drugs. 200;59(4):769-80.
  5. Loes M, Steinman D. The Aspirin Alternative. California: Freedom Press; 2001:195.

Chapter 21: Jaw Bone and Other Bone Problems

  1. Writing Group for the Women’s Health Initiative Investigators. Risks and Benefits of Estrogen Plus Progestin in Healthy Postemenopausal Women: Principal Results From the Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2002 July; 288:321-333.
  2. Sanson G. The Myth of Osteoporosis. Michigan: MCD Century Publication, LLC; 2003.

Chapter 22: The Truth About Fluoride

  1. Hardman J, Limbird L, and Gilman A, Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill;2001.
  2. Price W. Nutritional & Physical Degeneration. California: Price-Pottenger Nutrition Foundation; 1945.
  3. Roholm K. Fluorine and Intoxication; A Clinical-Hygienic Study, With a Review of the Literature and Some Experimental Investigations. London: H.K. Lewis & Co., Ltd;1937.
  4. Bryson C. The Fluoride Deception. New York: Seven Stories Press; 2004.
  5. Beltrán-Aguilar E, et al., Surveillance for dental caries, dental sealants, tooth retention, edentulism, and enamel fluorosis-United States, 1988-1994 and 1999-2002. CDC, MMUR Surveillance Summaries. 2005 Aug 26; 54 (03);1-44.
  6. Beltrán-Aguilar E, Barker L, and Dye, B. Prevalence and severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States, 1999-2004. NCHS Data Brief Number 53, November 2010.
  7. From United States Pharmacopeia Drug Information: Drug Information for the Health Care Provider, 1983;1. The United States Pharmacopeia Convention. 1982;805-807.
  8. Marier J, Rose D. The Fluoride content of some foods and beverages-a brief survey using a modified Zr-SPADNS Method. Journal of Food Science. 1966; 31:941-946.
  9. Albright JA. The effect of fluoride on the mechanical properties on bone. Transaction of the Annual Meeting of the Orthopedics Research Society, 1978, pp.3, 98, cited in Dr. John Yiamouyiannis, Fluoride: The Aging Factor. Delaware, Ohio: Health Action Press; 1983.
  10. Cordy PE, et al., Bone disease in hemodialiysis patients with particular reference to the effect of fluoride in study of nutritional requirements of patients of chronic hemodialysis (National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases. July 1973, 28-29, Distributed by the National Technical Information service of the U.S. Department of Commerce) as cited in Dr. John Yiamouyiannis’s Fluoride: The Aging Factor. Delaware, Ohio: Health Action Press; 1983.
  11. Wolfgang K, et al., Biochemical research of the action of sodium fluoride on mammalian cells; The effect of biosynthesis of nucleic acid and proteins of mouse spleen cells in vivo studies. Report of the Austrian society of Atomic Energy. Seibersdorf Research Center. 1974; 2355:1-10.
  12. Mullenix P, et al., Neurotoxicity of sodium fluoride in rats. Neurotoxicology Teratology. 1995;17(2):169-177.
  13. Zhao LB, et al., Effects of high fluoride exposure on intelligence in children. Fluoride. 1996;29(4):190-192.
  14. Xiang Q, et al., Effect of fluoride in drinking water on Children’s intelligence. Fluoride. May 2003.
  15. Tang QQ, et al., Fluoride and children’s intelligence: a meta-analysis. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2008 Winter;126(1-3):115-20 Epub Aug 10, 2008.
  16. Schlesinger ER, Overton DE. et al., Newburgh-Kinsgton caries-fluorine study XIII. Pediatric findings after ten years. J Am Dent Assoc. 1956 Mar;52(3):296-306.
  17. Luke, J. Fluoride deposition in the aged human pineal gland. Caries Research 2001 Mar-Apr;35(2):125-128.
  18. Burgstahler AW, et al., Fl in California wines and raisins. Fluoride. 1997; 20:142-146.
  19. Fomon SJ, et al., Fluoride intake and prevalence of dental fluorosis: trends in fluoride intake with special attention to infants. J of Public Health Dentistry. 2000 Summer; 60(3):131-139.
  20. Chan JT, Koh SH, Fluoride content in caffeinated, decaffeinated and herbal teas. Caries Research. 1996;30(1):88-92.
  21. Sternweis PC, Gilman AG. Aluminum: a requirement for activation of the regulatory component of adenylate cyclase by fluoride. Proc Nat’l Acad Sci USA. 1982;79:4888-4891.

Chapter 23: The Cancer Connection

  1. Issels J. Cancer, a Second Opinion. New York: Square One Publishers; 2005.

Chapter 24: Headaches—Healing The Hurt

  1. World Headache Alliance Website,
  2. Sullivan T. Bruxism in orthodontic patients. Ortho Prod. 2004; 24-26.

Chapter 32: Electro-Acupuncture According to Voll

  1. Tsui J et al., A food allergy study utilizing the EAV acupuncture technique. Am Journal of Acupuncture. 1984 April-June; 12:2.
  2. Kail K. Measurement of singal generated by an Electron-Dermal Screening (EDS) Device. Explore. 2008;17(1).
  3. Benveniste J, et al., Human basophil degranulation triggered by very dilute antiserum IgE. Nature. 1988 June; 333(6176):816-8.

Chapter 37: Nutrition

  1. Queen S. Rebuilding Your Patients’ Health Through Free Radical Therapy. Colorado Springs CO: Queen and Company. Available in CD format online from (accessed 2009).
  2. Huggins H. The two faces of cholesterol. Chicago Dental Society Review. Jan 1975; 68:1.
  3. Heinonen O and Albanes D on behalf of The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group, “The effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other cancers in male smokers,” New Engl J of Med. 1994 April; 330(13):1029-1035.
  4. King BS, et al., Food and Agriculture; Consumer Trends and Opportunities. Cooperative Extension Service University of Kentucky online publication.
  5. High fructose corn syrup linked to obesity.
  6. Hayes C. The effect of non-cariogenic sweeteners on the prevention of dental caries: a review of the evidence. J Dent Educ. 2001 Oct; 65(10):1106-9.
  7. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Website p_xylitol.pdf
  8. Creanor S, et al., The effect of chewing gum on it-situ enamel lesion remineralization. J Dent Res. 1992;71:1895-1900.

Chapter 40: Essential Oils

  1. Deans S and Ritchie G. Antibacterial properties of plant essential oils. International J of Food Microbiology. 1987;5:165-180.
  2. Pawar VC and Thaker VS. In Vitro efficacy of seventy-five essential oils against aspergillus niger. Mycoses. 2006;49(4):316-323.